Sprinter 5-Speed hub gears & brakes
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Fault diagnosis chart
This section covers the following topics:
- Sprinter control fitment.
- Cable replacement.
- Gear adjustment.
- Brake adjustment (Sprinter Elite).
- Wheel fitting.
- Service: Disassembly, and Reassembly.
Attach to the right-hand side of the handlebar. The control orientation
can be altered to suit individual needs by removing the plastic screw
cover at the control centre, and loosening the cross head screw. Rotate
the control to the desired position before tightening the screw and
replacing the cover (See diagram 1). Select 5th Gear. Attach the cable to
the down tube using cable ties or clips, do not over-tighten as this will
prevent the inner cable moving within the outer, ensure the handle bars
turn freely (400mm loop minimum). Pass the cables over the bottom bracket
and fix to the chainstay. Adjust the gears as in Section 3.
To remove cable:
- Disconnect the cable at the hub by unscrewing the cable adjuster (2)
from the indicator coupling (4) (See diagram 5).
- Remove cable from frame.
- Select 1st gear.
- Pull outer casing away from control to expose inner cable.
- Push inner cable and remove the nipple from the slot in the control.
- Pull inner cable out of the control.
To fit new cable:
- Select 1st Gear.
- Expose inner cable.
- Push inner cable through the slot in the control.
- Engage nipple in corresponding internal slot. (See diagram 2).
outer casing so that it locks into the control recess. (See diagram 3).
- Attach cable to frame (See diagram 4).
- Connect cable at the hub by screwing the cable adjuster (2) on to the
indicator coupling (4).
- Adjust the gears (See Section 3). NOTE:- In the event of
damage to the control, it is recommended that the whole unit be
See diagram 5
All types of cycle gear systems must not be ridden out of adjustment as
this may damage the gear components and cause the gear to malfunction
- Check that the fulcrum clip (1) (if fitted) is secured tightly to the
chainstay and is at least 125mm from the hub.
- Ensure that the indicator (8) is fully screwed into the gear selector
key. Turn back a maximum of half a turn to the line up with the selector
- Check that the indicator chain (5) runs freely over the selector
guide system (6).
- Select 5th gear on the control and loosely connect the cable adjuster
(2) onto the indicator coupling (4).
- Select SECOND GEAR on the gear control and rotate the pedal crank to
ensure the gear is engaged. Turn the cable adjuster (2) until the centre
of the raised boss at the end of the indicator rod (8) is level with the
end of the axle.
- Tighten the locknut ( 3) against the adjuster (2).
- Select 5th gear, rotate the pedal crank, change back to SECOND GEAR
and check adjustment.
- If correct adjustment cannot be achieved the fulcrum clip must be
moved in the appropriate direction before re-adjusting. See 2, 5 and 6
wheel will not rotate freely, or cannot be locked by a full application of
the lever then adjustment is necessary. (See diagram 6)
- Slacken the brake adjuster locknut.
- Turn the adjuster (2) until the brake is applied.
- Slacken the adjuster until the wheel just spins freely.
- Tighten the locknut. NB: During the first few miles brake linings
"bed-in" and may require adjustment. Should braking efficiency
become impaired beyond adjustment, contact your local approved dealer
who is equipped to replace the brake plate and shoe assembly.
The Sturmey-Archer SPRINTER Hub can be fitted into rear chainstay
widths between 120mm - 126mm using the appropriate spacers.NB: These
products are not designed for bicycles with vertical rear dropouts as
chain tensioning cannot be achieved. If the wheel is removed. these
instructions should be followed during re-assembly:-
- With the chain on the sprocket place the hub axle into the chainstay
- Fit washers and axle nuts. Ensure that the serrations on the
anti-rotation lockwashers face into the frame with the lugs located into
the chainstay slots. NB: Ensure the correct size anti-rotation
washer (to match the chainstay slot width 9.5mm or 7.9mm) is fitted. DO
NOT tighten the axle nuts at this stage or misalignment of the brake
plate may occur.
- Insert brake arm on hub loosely into the clip. With the wheel
centralised, chain tensioned and aligned correctly, tighten the axle
nuts to a torque of 25NM .
- Tighten the brake arm clip nut firmly to 7NM. Max. Ensuring brake arm
remains in line.
- Control Cable - Ensure the indicator (8) is screwed firmly
into the axle. Unscrew the indicator by up to half a turn if necessary
to ensure easy fitment over the selector guide and connection to the
gear cable. Connect the indicator coupling (14) to the gear cable
- Brake Cable Fitting - Pinch Bolt specification:
- Locate the brake adjusting spigot into the slot on the brake arm.
- Set the adjuster so that there is approximately 5mm. of thread
showing above the locknut.
- Holding the brake lever on the brake plate in the 'on' position,
pull the inner cable taught, fit the pinch bolt and tighten the
pinch bolt screw.
- Cable Fitting - Closed End Cables : Locate the brake
adjusting spigot in the slot in the brake arm.
- Fit cable nipple into position on the brake lever assembly
ensuring that the recess mates with the larger diameter nipple. NB:
To maintain maximum braking efficiency avoid sharp bends and kinks
in the cable.
- Replace chainguard/gear case (if fitted). NB: Before use check
and make necessary adjustments to brakes (See Section 4)
and re-adjust gears (See Section 3).
Replace Instruction 2 above by: Fit washers and axle nuts. With the
wheel centralised, chain tensioned and aligned correctly, tighten the axle
nuts to a torque of 25NM.
Instructions 3, 4 and 7 are not applicable.
When service problems arise, they usually occur outside the hub, and the
checks listed previously must be made before removing the wheel from the
When service problems occur which cannot be corrected by attention to
external maintenance, a close inspection of the working parts inside the
hub will be necessary. Refer to the fault diagnosis
chart before commencing disassembly which can be done without the
use of special tools. NB: The right hand end of the axle is where the
sprocket and indicator are fitted. The axle should be clamped across the
flats taking care not to damage the threads.
- Remove the indicator rod, indicator protectors or gear selector guide
(if fitted), axle nuts and spacing washers from both ends of the axle.
- Use a screwdriver to release the sprocket circlip from the driver,
then remove the spacing washer, sprocket, and outer dustcap (Note the
order of these parts).
left hand cone locknut (Remove cone adjuster and brake assembly ELITE).
Note position of any washers fitted.
- Unscrew the right hand ball ring with a 'C' spanner or hammer and
suitable punch, and unscrew the ball ring to release the internal
assembly from the hub shell (See diagram 7).
- Clamp the left hand end of the axle in a vice and remove the right
hand cone locknut, lockwasher, cone, clutch spring cap and clutch spring
(See diagram 8).
- Remove driver assembly, ball cup and gear ring assembly (See diagram
- Remove clutch from axle and remove washer from inside clutch.
- Remove spring and clutch sleeve.
- Remove pinion pins and planet pinions.
- Remove axle and planet cage from vice and clamp right hand end of
- Using circlip pliers remove circlip and discard. Remove planet cage,
planet cage spring, sun pinion cap, secondary sun pinion and primary sun
pinion. (See diagrams 10 & 11).
- To remove gear selector key compress indicator spring towards vice
using suitable screwdriver. Remove axle key assembly.
- Release pressure on spring, and thoroughly clean all the internal
parts and replace those worn or damaged. Specific items to be checked
- 1. Axle - straightness, condition of thread and slots.
- Condition of all pawls, springs, balls, ball tracks, pinions and
gear ring teeth and drive slots.
- Check free movement of driver actuator and pawl action by
inserting clutch and turn (See diagram 12). NB: it is
recommended that this assembly is not dismantled but if necessary
replace with a new assembly.
- Gear selector key - Check threads for wear and free movement in
- squareness of drive corners.
- Clamp the drilled end of axle horizontally in vice with slot
uppermost (See diagram 13).
- Using a small screwdriver compress indicator spring towards vice and
insert gear selector key assembly.
- Release indicator spring and remove from vice.
- Test by screwing indicator into axle finger tight and test movement
of gear selector key by pulling on the indicator.
- PINION FITMENT
- Reclamp axle in vice in the vertical position, circlip slot
- Fit primary sun pinion such that it engages with the gear
selector key, recess uppermost.
- Fit secondary sun pinion, bore protrusion downwards locating into
primary sun pinion (See Diagram 11).
cap over gear selector key domed side uppermost.
- Fit planet cage spring and planet cage ensuring pawl end
- Take new circlip and locate it in the circlip groove, ensuring
that circlip sharp corners are uppermost. NB: TAKE CARE NOT TO
- CLUTCH FITMENT
- Remove axle from vice. Reclamp left hand end of the axle in vice
(See diagram 14)
- Lubricate pinion pins with grease.
- Fit planet/pinions and pins with their timing marks pointing
radially outwards NB: SEE DIAGRAM 15. FOR PINION TIMING, EACH
PINION HAS A TIMING MARK STAMPED ON ONE OF THE LARGE DIAMETER PINION
- Fit clutch sleeve and clutch sleeve spring.
- Fit clutch ensuring it meshes with the top of the pinion pins.
- Fit washer into clutch (See diagram 9).
- GEAR RING, BALL RING, DRIVER ASSEMBLY
- Take gear ring and fit the pawls pawl pins
and springs if required as indicated (See diagram 16).
- Lubricate pinions and gear ring teeth with grease.
the gear ring assembly over the planet cage, then fit ball ring.
- Lubricate the right hand ball cage assembly with grease.
- Place the ball cage assembly on the ball ring ensuring that the
balls are positioned downwards.
- Rotate the actuator anti-clockwise to compress pawls (See diagram
- With actuator in this position fit driver assembly, rotating
ant-clockwise to ensure that driver engages with the clutch splines.
- R.H. CONE ADJUSTMENT
- Slide on the clutch spring and then the cap (with its flat face
uppermost) over the axle and locate on the spring.
- Screw down the right hand cone finger tight - slacken the cone
off by half a turn and lock it in position with the lockwasher and
locknut. NB: UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES MUST THE CONE BE UNSCREWED
MORE THAN 5/8 OF A TURN, AS THIS COULD ADVERSELY AFFECT GEAR
- INTERNAL ASSEMBLY FITMENT
- Remove the assembly from the vice. Apply grease to the working
the assembly in the hub shell and tighten the ball ring, turning
anti clockwise first to prevent cross threading. Tighten clockwise
using 'C' spanner (or suitable punch) to torque of 50Nm.
- SPRINTER LEFT HAND CONE ADJUSTMENT
- Fit the left hand cone, spacing washer(s) and locknut.
- Adjust the left hand cone until minimum movement is felt at the
wheel rim, ensuring free running of hub. Then tighten locknut.
- SPRINTER ELITE BRAKE ASSEMBLES FITMENT AND LEFT HAND CONE
- Fit left hand cone.
- Clean brake drum using a cloth ensuring all dirt/grease is
- Make sure brake linings are clean. (Brake shoes should be
replaced if contaminated with grease).
- Fit brake assembly into brake drum. Fit cone adjuster over cone,
fit washers and locknut.
- Adjust left hand cone until minimum play is felt at the wheel rim
ensuring hub runs free. Apply brake ensuring brake shoes are
centralised. Tighten locknut.
- SPROCKET FITTING
- Assemble the dustcap, spacer washer, sprocket and circlip to
obtain the desired chainline.
- Assemble the wheel into the bicycle (See Section 5).
- Reconnect cables and adjust gear/brake as previously described
and test fully before using the cycle. (See Sections
2, 3 & 4).
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